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    搬厂内仓库重要问题解析
    2014-2-10 8:47:44
    对于一个企业的搬迁来说,安全问题始终是第一位的,也是最基本的。安全问题包括人员的安全和货物的安全,要确保人员不受伤、货物不丢失或损坏。
    For the relocation of an enterprise, safety is always first, is also the most basic. Security issues including personnel safety and the safety of the goods, to ensure that no injury, no loss or damage to the goods.
    搬厂一般应该成立一个搬迁小组,企业搬迁负责人担任组长,每一块业务的负责人担任成员。责任落实到人,谁负责平面仓库货物发出前的清点,谁负责货物到达立体仓库后的签收、谁负责运输途中的安全等等,要细分并明确责任人。假如存储的货物中绝大多数是托盘存储的,可以采用5吨加宽的箱式货车(宽度比托盘宽度的2倍大10毫米以上),假如是散件,可以采用一般的箱式货车即可。一般情况下企业自有车辆会不够用,可以采用外租的方式,外租时可以采用按台班付费,也可以按体积或吨位付费,还可以给一个总价。总之,盘算一下怎么划算怎么定。   
    The relocation generally should set up a team of relocation, relocation, group leader, head of head of each piece of business as members. Responsibility to person, who is in charge of flat warehouse inventory before shipment, who is in charge of after the goods arrived in warehouse receipt, who is responsible for the safety of transportation, etc., to segment and clear responsibility. If the goods stored in the vast majority are stored in the tray, can use 5 tons of widening van (width is greater than 2 times of the width of the tray above 10 mm), if be components, can use general van. Usually enterprise self-owned vehicles will not enough use, can adopt the way of rent, rent can be used according to affecting pay, also can pay by volume or weight, also can give a price. In a word, how thinking how to deal.
    搬迁路线一般要充分考虑章丘搬家公司http://www.zqhjybj.com/安全问题和符合交通法规。由于一般情况下成托盘的货物或散件装车后,没有做填充处理或捆扎,货物之间会有一些间隙,假如车辆急转弯或变速时,货物会倾倒或跌落,道路不平坦也会对货物造成损伤。除了要求行车时注重速度外,还应该选择路况好的路线,包括道路是否平坦、拥堵等等,为了选择路况好的路线,适当地绕行也是可取的,因为搬迁路途距离的少量增加对搬迁时间的影响很小,基本上可以忽略,而货物损坏造成的影响会严重得多。
    Moving route general chapter grave moving company security issues should be fully considered and comply with traffic regulations. Because normally into tray goods or bulk loading before, do not fill the processing or strapping, there will be some space between the goods, if the vehicle turn or variable speed, the goods will be dumped or drop, uneven road can also cause damage to the goods. Besides request is paid attention to when driving speed, also should choose the route with good road conditions, including the road was flat, congestion, etc., in order to choose the route with good road conditions, properly around is desirable, because of the small increase in relocation journey distance will have little impact on the moving time, basically can be ignored, and the influence caused by damage to the goods will be more serious.
    细心安排
    Careful arrangement
    搬厂不只是关系到货物的安全,还影响到立体仓库的运行。搬厂时经常碰到一些预想不到的问题。最常见的是对搬厂工作量的估计不准。可能在搬厂时发现人手不够、车辆不够、时间不够。碰到这种情况,最重要的是不要乱,准确是首要的,速度是次要的。假如估计在预定的时间内无法全部搬迁完毕,可以及时调整搬厂策略。压缩搬迁范围、延长工作时间、临时雇佣人员和车辆都是可以考虑的。可以将出库可能性不大的货物(如积压时间很长的货物、已经淘汰的货物)先不搬;对于批量很大的货物,可以只搬迁一部分,足够最近几天发货的需要就行。没有搬迁的货物在下一个节假日(一般在周末)或工作日下班后再搬迁。临时雇佣人员一般只安排一些简单的搬运工作,强调不要野蛮装卸货物。对于一个企业来说,每一车货物其价值不菲,而且牵涉到配套问题,少了一件不起眼的东西可能会造成一整套东西无法交付。临时雇佣的车辆要注重其诚信度,不能随便在路边找一个没有足够证件的车辆(如是否已投保),以防止其逃逸或发生交通事故后无法索赔。
    The relocation is not only related to the safety of the goods, also affect the warehouse operation. To move the factory often encounter some unexpected problems. The most common is the estimate of the relocation work is not allowed. May be moving the factory found that not enough manpower, vehicles, time is not enough. Encounter this kind of situation, the most important thing is not to mess, accurate is the primary, speed is secondary. If estimated at a predetermined period of time can't move completely, can adjust the relocation policy. Compression relocation scope, lengthen working hours, temporary employment personnel and vehicles can be considered. The goods can be outbound is unlikely (such as a long backlog of goods, the goods have been eliminated) won't move; For bulk lot of goods, can only move part of enough in recent days the delivery needs. Without moving the goods at the next holiday (generally) at the weekend or working days after work to move again. Temporary hire only some simple handling work arrangements, emphasize don't rough handling of goods. For an enterprise, its valuable goods, every car and involves matching problem, less a humble thing may lead to a set of things that cannot be delivered. Temporary hiring vehicles should pay attention to the integrity, can't literally on the side of the road to find a vehicle without sufficient documents (such as whether to have insured), to prevent the escape or unable to claim after the traffic accident.
    搬厂的一些细节问题也值得注重。搬厂时一定要有单据交接,一般采用一式4联的无碳复写单据。可以专门制作,也可以用企业已有的类似单据替代。平面仓库发货人、立体仓库接收人各1联,粘贴在托盘上1联,存根1联),要做到每一环节都有签字确认,每一货物都有单据可查。每一辆车运输时都要有运输记录。一般情况下,平面仓库使用的托盘在立体仓库中无法继续使用,搬厂还有一个更换托盘的问题。更换托盘可以在平面仓库中进行,也可以在货物搬运到立体仓库后重新组盘。在搬厂前,可以将货物组好盘,将押运单填写好,除存根联外的3联全部放在对应托盘上,其中一联粘贴或固定在托盘上。在装车时将接收联交给押运人,押运人清点好货物后,签字确认,并将押运单单号填写到运输记录表中(此工作可以在运输途中进行)。固定在托盘上的一联押运单主要是便于接收人能将不同的托盘货物与押运单一一对应。天天下班前,应该将接收人签字后的押运单与存根联一一对应上,发现问题及时追查。
    The relocation of some of the details are worth attention. When moving the factory must have the documents delivery, generally USES a type 4 couplet of non-carbon autotype documents. Can specially manufacture, can also use alternative enterprise has some similar documents. Plane consignor warehouse, warehouse recipients each 1, paste in the tray 1, stub (1), to do each link has a signature confirmation, each goods has documents can be found out. When a car transport should have shipping records. Under normal circumstances, the plane warehouse use tray can't continue to use in the warehouse, factory and a replacement tray problem. Replaced the tray in flat warehouse, can also carry the goods to the warehouse after group plate again. Before moving the factory, the goods can be set good dish, will escort single fill in, in addition to the stub form of all three parts on the corresponding tray, one of the league paste or fixed on the tray. When loading will receive to supercargo, supercargo after counting the good goods, sign, and will escort in the no. Just fill out the shipping record, this work may be in transit). On the tray with a couplet escort list mainly is advantageous for the receiver to a corresponding single pallet with different escorts. Every day before coming off work, should will receive escort sheet after being signed and stub form one to one correspondence, found the problem in a timely manner.
    货物搬迁到立体仓库后,要及时地入库,做到下班前所有货物进入到立体仓库货位中,同时要注重物流信息系统中相应数据的同步更新。一般情况下,在搬厂之前会对系统数据进行初始化,可以先将所有的数据通过程序自动更新为立体仓库数据,也可以在入库时逐一导入立体仓库的信息系统。假如平面仓库的数据与立体仓库的数据有区分,搬厂时天天下班前还要将这些数据汇总,核对是否相符。
    After the goods move to warehouse, storage in a timely manner, to do all the goods into the warehouse before coming off work position, at the same time should pay attention to logistics information system in the corresponding data synchronous update. In general, before the relocation will be initialized data to the system, can will all the data updated automatically by the program for three-dimensional warehouse data, can also be in the library one by one into the three-dimensional warehouse of information system. If plane data warehouse and data warehouse have to distinguish, when moving the factory every day before coming off work will be the data summary, check whether conform.
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